One of the most popular Belgrade landmarks, this tower is also the symbol of Zemun. Gardos Tower was built by the Hungarian rulers to commemorate the 1000th anniversary of statehood. It was one of the five observation towers of Austro – Hungarian empire and it is also famous as the Sibinjanin Janko’s Tower or “Millennium Tower”, but this cultural and historical heritage of our city is best known as Gardos, since it’s located on Gardos Hill. Nowadays, only two towers are still standing; the tower in Zemun, and one in Budapest. Except the tower in Zemun, it can also be seen in Budapest too. According to the legend in this tower died famous Hungarian hero in the battle against the Turkish soldiers. His name was Janos Hunjadi, also known as Sibinjanin Janko and after him the tower got its name. However, history refutes the legend and shows that Hunyadi died 440 years before tower was build.
The tower stands at the highest point of the municipality of Zemun, which can be visited and where you can experience a view similar or even better to the one from Kalemegdan plateau. It is 36 meters tall and constructed from bircks and stones. Construction of the Gardos tower was finished in the August 5, 1896 – the grand opening was two weeks later, when were held ceremonial liturgies in churches around Zemun.
Gardos name is of Slavic origin or an altered form of old Serbian word “grad” that means “city”. The hill has the dominant position over the alluvial plain, where the ancient Taurunum was built that had marked the beginning of the later medieval and modern City of Zemun.
Zemun has been physically separated from Belgrade for a long time in history and they were parts of different kingdoms. Later they were separated by the swamp area that was later dried and New Belgrade was built on this ground that later merged with Zemun.
This part of Belgrade have a different spirit and has a different architecture, when you are walkin along the Danube Promenade you can easily think that you are in a completely different city.